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Possible Causes and Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury

Monday, 06 May 2019 00:00

The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It is located in the back of the leg, and its function is to connect the foot to the leg muscles. The injury that is known as Achilles Tendinitis often occurs as a result of small tears that can negatively affect the strength of the tendon. There are several reasons why this injury occurs. These may include running on uneven surfaces, having weak or tight calf muscles, or a sudden increase in activity level. A common symptom that is associated with this condition is typically pain and discomfort in the back of the leg, especially in the morning hours. Additionally, that area of the leg may be swollen, it is possible to notice a decrease in strength. If you have an Achilles tendon injury, it is suggested to rest the foot, and consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can guide you toward beginning the proper treatment.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Joseph D. Ruffo, DPM, PC of New York. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Sea Cliff and Babylon, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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